Would you like to know what hummingbirds eat to maintain their energetic lifestyle? You have come to the right place! 

A hummingbird’s main source of energy is nectar from flowers, but they also consume insects and spiders for protein. The nectar produced by a variety of flowers is loved by hummingbirds, from trumpet vine to bee balm.


The bright colors of hummingbirds and their captivating flight patterns make them a captivating sight to behold. 

The hummingbird relies on a unique type of food, known as hummingbird food, to survive.

What is Hummingbird?

Birds of the hummingbird family are small, brightly colored birds with rapid wingbeats and the ability to hover in midair. 

Birds of this species are native to the Americas and can be found in a variety of habitats, such as woodlands, grasslands, and urban areas. 

The hummingbird is also known for its ability to consume large amounts of nectar from flowers, which is its primary source of food.

Different Types of Food that Hummingbirds Need to Thrive in the Wild

The diet of hummingbirds is mainly composed of nectar from flowers and insects and spiders for protein. 

As they have a high metabolic rate, they require a substantial amount of food to meet their energy requirements.

1. Nectar:

A hummingbird’s preference is for flowers with bright colors and sweet fragrances that produce nectar. Their long and thin beaks and tongues enable them to reach into flowers and drink the nectar. 

The trumpet vine, bee balm, cardinal flower, columbine, and red trumpet vine are among the flowers that produce nectar that hummingbirds find attractive.

2. Insects and spiders:

Hummingbirds consume nectar as well as insects and spiders to obtain the necessary protein to survive.

The insects are usually caught on the fly, but they can also be gathered from foliage and spider webs. The hummingbird may also consume small spiders and other arthropods while foraging for nectar.

A hummingbird’s survival is dependent upon a reliable source of food, which is why they may migrate to areas with a reliable food supply. 

The provision of hummingbird feeders filled with sugar water solutions can help attract hummingbirds to your yard and provide them with the energy they need. A variety of flowering plants producing nectar is also essential for providing them with a natural food source.

3. Natural hummingbird food:

Food that hummingbirds consume naturally in the wild, such as nectar from flowers, insects, and spiders, is considered natural hummingbird food. 

Hummingbirds can be attracted to your yard if you provide a variety of flowering plants that produce nectar. These plants can provide hummingbirds with a natural food source.

How to Prepare Hummingbird Food?

The following instructions will show you how to make hummingbird food:


Boil the water in a large saucepan.


Sugar should be added to boiling water and stirred until it is completely dissolved.


Allow the mixture to cool to room temperature after removing the saucepan from the heat.


The hummingbird food should be placed in a clean hummingbird feeder. To prevent mold and bacteria from growing on the feeder, it is important to clean it regularly.


A hummingbird feeder should be hung in an area where hummingbirds can see it, but where predators such as cats cannot reach it.


Maintain a regular check on the feeder and replenish it with fresh hummingbird food regularly. The feeder should be refilled once every few days or whenever it becomes empty.


1. How do hummingbirds get protein in their diet?

Protein is obtained from insects and spiders that hummingbirds consume in their diet. Their primary means of catching insects is by flying, but they can also obtain them from foliage and spider webs.

2. How often do hummingbirds need to eat?

The hummingbird has a high metabolism and consumes a large amount of food to maintain its energy levels. Their diet may consist of several meals per hour and they may consume the equivalent of half their body weight in nectar per day.

3. Can I attract hummingbirds to my yard by providing food?

Hummingbirds can be attracted to your yard by providing hummingbird feeders with sugar water solutions. The hummingbird may also be attracted to flowering plants that produce nectar by planting a variety of flowering plants. The provision of a reliable food source can help to attract hummingbirds to your yard and encourage them to return.


Hummingbirds consume nectar from flowers, insects, and spiders in addition to nectar from flowers. 

Food must be available to them continuously to ensure their survival, and this can be accomplished by combining natural sources with artificial feeders. 

A few simple steps can be taken to meet the nutritional requirements of hummingbirds in your yard, attracting these beautiful birds to your property, and helping them survive in the wild.